Energy storage battery

How many batteries in a golf cart?

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Golf carts are a convenient way to get around the golf course. If you’re thinking of investing in a golf cart (we recommend these top golf carts), you might wonder how many batteries it takes to power one. So, how many batteries are in a golf cart?There are 3 to 8 batteries in a typical golf cart. The overall voltage of the golf cart determines how much it needs. Golf cart batteries come in various types and power configurations and have varying lifespans.

Golf carts are similar to cars in the sense that both vehicles need batteries in order to operate. The power from the battery provides the energy to start the car or golf cart. However, there is a difference between the typical car battery and a golf cart battery. Your car will only have one battery under the hood, while your golf cart will actually have multiple batteries in order to run. This is because an electric golf cart does not utilize gas in order to run, while a car does.

Golf carts have become increasingly popular for recreational use, transportation within gated communities, and on the golf course. The performance of a golf cart depends largely on the battery it uses. A golf cart lithium battery provides the power needed to drive the cart, and without it, the cart would not function properly.There are various types of golf cart batteries available in the market, and each has its unique features and characteristics. In this article, we will explore the different types of batteries and how many batteries are used in golf carts. Let’s dive in!

What Is A Golf Cart Battery?

A golf cart battery is a deep-cycle battery that provides the necessary power to drive an electric golf cart. These batteries are designed to provide a continuous flow of power over an extended period, unlike starter batteries used in cars that provide a burst of energy to start the engine. Golf cart batteries are usually lead-acid batteries and are available in different voltages, capacities, and sizes. They are typically mounted underneath the golf cart and are charged using an onboard charger.

How to Figure Out How Many Batteries are in a Golf Cart

Option 1 – The Easy Way

The easy way to figure out how many batteries are in a golf cart is to flip up your seat and count the number of batteries in the battery compartment.

Don’t overcomplicate things. If that battery compartment has eight lead acid batteries, you’ve answered your question in less than 15 seconds.

Option 2 – The More Official Way

Let’s say your golf cart isn’t accessible at the moment. You can also figure out how many batteries are in a cart by finding an owner’s manual online, searching for the specs, or contacting the manufacturer directly.

In this case, you’ll need to know the make and model of your cart. The serial number can be very helpful as well.

If you are a golf cart owner, I would strongly suggest taking a photo of the model and serial number of your golf cart. I like to keep that photo on my phone for reference. This helps whenever I’m looking at golf cart parts or golf cart accessories.

Types Of Golf Cart Batteries Available

There are several types of golf cart batteries available in the market, including:

Flooded Lead-Acid Batteries

Flooded lead-acid batteries are a common choice for powering golf carts due to their low cost and widespread availability. These batteries contain a series of lead plates that are submerged in a mixture of sulfuric acid and water. When the battery is in use, the lead plates and the electrolyte solution react to produce electricity.

While these batteries are relatively simple to use, they do require regular maintenance to ensure optimal performance. Owners should regularly check and add distilled water to maintain the electrolyte levels, and the batteries should also be charged after every use.

Failure to maintain these batteries properly can result in sulfation, negatively affecting their performance and lifespan. Despite these maintenance requirements, however, flooded lead-acid batteries remain a popular option for powered golf carts.

Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) Batteries

AGM batteries are a unique type of sealed lead-acid battery that offers key benefits for those who seek a low-maintenance power source. One advantage of these batteries is that they are maintenance-free, which means they require little attention after installation. Additionally, their spill-proof design makes them ideal for use in applications where damage from spills is a concern.

Though AGM batteries are more expensive than some other types of batteries, their longer lifespan makes them a good choice over time. However, it is important to be aware of potential drawbacks, such as their sensitivity to overcharging or deep discharging, which can harm the battery. Additionally, special consideration should be taken when charging these batteries, as a special charger is needed to ensure proper charging.

Gel Batteries

Gel batteries are a fascinating type of sealed lead-acid battery that boasts a unique design. Instead of using liquid electrolytes like traditional flooded lead-acid batteries, they use gel-like electrolytes to power devices. As a result of their design, gel batteries are more resilient to shock and vibration, making them an ideal choice for off-road vehicles and machinery that experiences lots of movement. Additionally, unlike flooded lead-acid batteries, gel batteries are virtually maintenance-free, which is a significant benefit for those who need reliable power without the hassle of upkeep.

Although they are more expensive than the other options, their longer lifespan and durability make them a worthwhile investment. However, it’s worth noting that gel batteries can be sensitive to overcharging, which can shorten their lifespan if care isn’t taken with the charging process.

Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries are the most advanced and expensive type of golf cart battery. These batteries are lightweight, maintenance-free, and have a much longer lifespan than other types of batteries.

Lithium-ion batteries provide more power and are more efficient than other types of batteries, meaning they can last longer on a single charge. However, lithium-ion batteries are still a relatively new technology and are not yet widely available or affordable. They require a special charger and can be sensitive to extreme temperatures, which can affect their performance.

Replacing Your Golf Cart Batteries

If your original search was: “how many batteries does a golf cart have”, then your next task is probably figuring out how to replace that battery pack.

Before you go too much further, I want to give you a few important warnings:

Warning #1 – Take Note of the Battery Type

If your cart runs off of lead acid batteries, you need to replace those batteries with lead acid batteries.

If your cart uses lithium golf cart batteries, you need to replace those batteries with lithium batteries.

Warning #2 – Numbers Matter

As we covered earlier, most electric golf carts have 4, 6 or 8 batteries that are connected in a series. This setup isn’t random. In fact, it’s a reflection of the voltage of your cart. Let me give some quick examples:

For a 36 volt Golf Cart

You are most likely going to have 6 batteries in total. Each battery will have 6v of power.

6 volts x 6 batteries = 36 total volts

For a 48 volt Golf Cart

You are most likely going to have 6 batteries in total. Each battery will have 8v of power.

8 volts x 6 batteries = 48 total volts

But my 48v cart only has 4 batteries. What gives?

In this case, you may have a 48v cart with 12v lithium batteries.

12 volts x 4 batteries = 48 total volts

Generally speaking, I’m not a fan of math, but when it comes time to buy some newer batteries, you first need to know the battery voltage and current setup of your golf cart.

Warning #3 – Don’t Upgrade or Downgrade

In most instances, it’s best to just keep it simple.

If your cart uses an 8 volt battery series, you should swap out the old batteries with new 8 volt batteries. This ensures that your cart will continue to function the way that its engineers designed it.Don’t get cute or creative. If your cart was meant to run on 8 volt batteries, switching to a series of 6 volt batteries is a stupid and dangerous idea.

In a similar fashion, if your cart was meant to run on 6 volt batteries, you shouldn’t be dropping in 8 volt batteries (unless you want to watch your cart catch on fire on the golf course).Also worth noting: The battery charger that came with your golf cart is meant to charge that same type of deep cycle battery. You shouldn’t charge a 36v cart with a 48v charger.

Why Does A Golf Cart Have So Many Batteries?

Golf carts are equipped with multiple batteries primarily to facilitate extended operational endurance. They are widely utilized in golf courses where they are expected to function for several hours continuously without requiring recharging. The presence of multiple batteries allows golf carts to operate for longer periods without necessitating a recharge.

Moreover, the presence of multiple batteries can assist in achieving an evenly distributed weight throughout the cart. The lightweight and maneuverable design of golf carts necessitates weight distribution across the cart’s entirety. Multiple batteries can ensure that the weight is evenly distributed, thereby providing increased stability and ease of handling.

Furthermore, the golf cart’s performance can be enhanced by utilizing multiple batteries. The usage of multiple batteries generates higher power output, which in turn facilitates faster acceleration and easier hill-climbing. This aspect is particularly crucial for golf carts operating on hilly courses or carrying heavy loads.

How Voltage Affects The Performance of A Golf Cart?

Battery voltage measures the electrical potential difference between two points in a battery. It represents the amount of electrical energy that a battery can provide to a circuit or device. In golf carts, battery voltage is important because it determines how much power the electric motor can draw from the battery.

The voltage of the battery bank directly affects the golf cart’s performance. A higher voltage battery bank provides more power to the electric motor, which translates to higher speed and more torque. However, using a battery bank with a voltage rating that is too high for the motor can damage the motor or controller. Similarly, using a battery bank with a voltage rating that is too low can result in reduced performance, slower speeds, and less torque.

Choosing a battery bank with the correct voltage rating for your golf cart’s electric motor is important. Doing so will ensure that the cart performs optimally and does not suffer from damage or reduced performance.

Maintenance of Golf Cart Batteries

To guarantee the prolonged lifespan and optimal functioning of your golf cart batteries, they must be provided with appropriate maintenance and care. Here are some guidelines to ensure that your golf cart batteries remain in impeccable condition:

  • Frequently examine the water level: It is crucial to monitor the water level of your flooded lead-acid batteries frequently and, if necessary, replenish them with distilled water. The water level should be maintained above the battery plates but below the vent cap.
  • Maintain cleanliness of batteries: To avoid corrosion and ensure proper electrical conductivity, it is essential to clean the battery terminals and the surrounding area regularly.
  • Charge the batteries correctly: Always follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer while charging your golf cart batteries. Overcharging or undercharging the batteries can result in damage and curtail their lifespan.
  • Store the batteries appropriately: If you plan to store your golf cart for an extended duration, it is important to fully charge the batteries before storing them in a cool and dry place. Recharge the batteries every few weeks to prevent them from completely discharging.


Golf cart batteries are an essential component of your golf cart, and proper care and maintenance can help prolong their lifespan and ensure optimal performance. It’s important to choose the right type and number of batteries for your golf cart model and usage and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for charging and maintaining your batteries. With the right care and attention, your golf cart batteries can provide reliable and efficient power for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions

What if I have 6 batteries in my golf cart?

If you have 6 batteries in total, that means you have a 48-volt system in total.

Can a golf cart run on 4 batteries?

You will need three twelve volt batteries – if your cart is compatible with those – for a 36 volt cart. A 48 volt cart can use six volt, eight volt, or twelve volt batteries. If you have a 48 volt cart, you will either need eight six volt batteries, six eight volt batteries, or four twelve volt batteries.

How do I know if my golf cart is 36 or 48 volt?

Determining how many volts your golf cart uses is as easy as counting the water fill caps on all of your batteries. If you have six 6 volt batteries your golf cart is a 36 volt cart, if you have six 8 volt batteries or four 12 volt batteries your golf cart is a 48 volt cart.

How Long Do Golf Cart Batteries Last?

The lifespan of golf cart batteries varies depending on several factors, such as the type of battery, the usage, the maintenance, and the temperature. On average, golf cart batteries last between 4-6 years, but with proper care, they can last up to 7 years.

Can I Use Car Batteries In A Golf Cart?

It would be best not to use car batteries in a golf cart. Car batteries are not designed to handle the constant deep discharges and recharge that golf cart batteries go through. Using car batteries in a golf cart can lead to reduced performance, shorter lifespan, and potential safety hazards.

How Often Should I Charge My Golf Cart Batteries?

Charging your golf cart batteries after each use is recommended to keep them fully charged and ready for the next use. If you use your golf cart infrequently, make sure to charge the batteries at least once a month to prevent them from discharging completely.

How Much Do Golf Cart Batteries Cost?

The cost of golf cart batteries varies depending on several factors, such as the type, brand, and capacity. On average, a set of six lead-acid batteries for a 36-volt golf cart can cost between $500 to $800, while a set of eight lead-acid batteries for a 48-volt golf cart can cost between $800 to $1,500. Lithium-ion batteries can cost significantly more.

Can Golf Cart Batteries Explode?

Golf cart batteries can explode if they are not maintained properly or if they are overcharged. Overcharging can cause the buildup of hydrogen gas, which is highly flammable and can ignite if exposed to a spark or flame. Following the manufacturer’s instructions for charging and maintaining your golf cart batteries is important to prevent accidents.

How Often Should I Check My Golf Cart Battery?

It’s recommended to check your golf cart battery regularly, such as once a week, to ensure that the water level is adequate (for flooded lead-acid batteries), the terminals are clean, and the voltage is within the normal range. Regular maintenance and care can help prolong the lifespan and performance of your golf cart batteries.

How Many Lithium Batteries Do I Need For A 48v Golf Cart?

The number of lithium batteries you need for a 48-volt golf cart depends on the capacity and voltage of the batteries. Typically, you would need either four 12-volt lithium batteries or six 8-volt lithium batteries connected in series to create a battery bank with a total voltage of 48 volts. However, it’s important to consult the manufacturer’s specifications and recommendations for your specific golf cart model.

Is 24v or 48v Better?

The choice between a 24-volt or 48-volt golf cart depends on several factors, such as the size and weight of the golf cart, the terrain, and the expected usage. In general, a 48-volt golf cart provides more power, speed, and torque than a 24-volt golf cart. However, a 24-volt golf cart may be sufficient for light-duty applications or smaller golf carts.

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